The raising standard of self-drilling anchor hollow bar

The raising standard of self-drilling anchor hollow bar

The growth of using self-drilling anchor hollow bar in rock bolting, soil nailing and micropiling is rapid.

Self-drilling anchor has been around for at least 40 years.

It is developed for tunneling applications in weak or collapsing ground.

Until today it is still used for the NEW Austrian Tunneling Method (NATM).

However,Unlike the solid reinforcing bar, criteria for self-drilling hollow bars were not perfect in the past.



Manufacturers had only concerned about loading capacity and surface profile.

You must know solid rebar is required to achieve specific strength, while maintaining excellent ductility.

Ductility means deformations without breaking, plastic, visible deformation until rupture.

It is an important index in construction, represents the safety factor of structure.

Similarly,Reinforcing is the core function of self-drilling anchor hollow bars, enough elongation ductility should be required.

That’s why now you can find elongation Agt is introduced in the latest version of DSI DYWI Hollow Bar Drill Rod Manual, Orica MAI SDA self-drilling anchors catalogue, and ISCHEBECK Titan Hollow Bar Requirement, etc.


Now you can get a checklist for the reference of choosing a standard self-drilling anchor hollow bar:

  • Yield load of finished hollow bar
  • Ultimate load of finished hollow bar
  • Elongation Agt (ductility) up to ultimate without reduction in cross-section of finished hollow bar

So what should you ask suppliers to provide?


  • Test reports from independent laboratories. For instance, SGS.
  • Test results include Stress/Strain Diagram, tensile strength and elongation Agt.
  • Bended sample of self-drilling anchor hollow bar.

All the information is outlined in detail in the report which is given by ontonbolt. A leading manufacturer of self-drilling hollow bars, used for strengthening the grounds.

So, what is required in the standard of American ASTM?

In the Standard Specification for Deformed and Plain Billet-Steel Bars for Concrete Reinforcement, it recommends bending test for hollow bar anchors.

The test is a good way to measure the ductility of a grout bonded anchors on site.(Ductility can also be calculated by Agt tensile test)

For concrete reinforcement operations in civil engineering, ASTM A615 provides detailed instructions for steel bar bending tests.

In short, the standard requires that the reinforcement material can withstand the bending properties of the soil nail without cracking at the outer radius of the bend.


The bending degree and size requirements of soil nails are as follows:


The raising standard of self-drilling anchor hollow bar

Bend Test Requirement of Hollow Bar Anchors

For hollow anchor rods, a 180 bending degree (U-shape) is required on the anchor D > 6 x diameter. Additionally, there should not be any obvious cracks or breaks on the bending part.

The ductility of hollow anchors can be determined on-site through bending/re-bending tests:

Bending around 180° (U-shape) over a pin diameter D ≥ 6 x diameter of hollow bar e.g.for ONTON R32N D = 6 x 32 mm = 192 mm.

If there are obvious cracks or fractures in the hollow bar, its ductility does not meet the requirements detailed in ASTM A 615, “Specification for Low-Alloy Steel Deformed and Plain Bars for Concrete Reinforcement.”


The raising standard of self-drilling anchor hollow bar


ONTON hollow anchor bars’ high ductility make it to pass the bend test without any loss of its strength performance.

The ductility is paid more and more attention in Europe and in America. No matter what standpoint for safety or market, High Ductility hollow bar is required.

Bending Test hollow bar

For the recent years, the grouting concrete anchor bars are applied in micropiles, soil nails, wall tie down and tieback anchor systems, etc. And there have been existing standards in Europe and America for these applications.

Self-drilling hollow anchors have high ductility and are a reliable protection for civilians when disasters such as earthquakes occur.





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